Fedora 8 Installation User Guide - 02

26 Jan 2008

Fedora8InstallationUserGuide. In this user guide, we will learn how to configuring services, installing video drivers,installingmicrosoftfonts,


3. Configuring Services

For a detailed description on all services and daemons read Fedora 8 Services Guide .

4. Installing video drivers

**Note: To install video drivers you must first install the Livna Repository as stated above.
Installing nVidia driver

$ sudo yum install kmod-nvidia

If a kernel update is installed as well you must reboot your computer. If not restart X server by hitting ctrl+alt+backspace (be carefull, all open windows will close). Each time you install a new kernel you must also install the appropriate kmod-nvidia but yum should resolve this dependencie for you.

Installing ati driver
Thanks to leigh123@linux from fedoraforums.org for the details on how to install the ati driver in Fedora 8!

First you must check here whether your card is supported under Linux. All video cards below 9250 are unsupported.

1. Install fglrx driver.

You must have the Livna repository enabled to install that driver.

$ su -
(Give your root password)
# yum install kmod-fglrx xorg-x11-drv-fglrx xorg-x11-drv-fglrx-libs-32bit
# yum update kmod-fglrx xorg-x11-drv-fglrx xorg-x11-drv-fglrx-libs-32bit
# service fglrx restart
# fglrx-config-display enable

If you install a new kernel you will have to reboot for fglrx to work

If you are using F8 x86_64 and 8.40 you will need to apply a fix to the driver

$ su -
(Give your root password)
# cd /usr/lib64/xorg/modules/drivers/
# mv fglrx_drv.so fglrx_drv.so.orig
# cat fglrx_drv.so.orig | sed “s/\xe8\x61\x2c\xfe\xff/\x90\x90\x90\x90\x90/g” > fglrx_drv.so
# diff fglrx_drv.so fglrx_drv.so.orig
# aticonfig –initial

This command should report a change ( diff fglrx_drv.so fglrx_drv.so.orig )2. Edit xorg.conf

$ su -
(Give your root password)
# gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

Then add these sections. ( for driver version 8.42 or higher )

Section “Extensions”
Option “Composite” “Enable”

Section “ServerFlags”
Option “AIGLX” “on”

Section “DRI”
Mode 0666

( for driver version 8.41 or lower require these options instead )

Section “Extensions”
Option “Composite” “Disable”

Section “ServerFlags”
Option “AIGLX” “off”

Section “DRI”
Mode 0666

Don’t forget to save the changesFinally, the following options are useful in the section “Device” :

Option “UseFastTLS” “0″
Option “BlockSignalsOnLock” “on”
Option “ForceGenericCPU” “off”
Option “KernelModuleParm” “locked-userpages=0″

After editing don’t forget to restart X ( Ctrl + Alt + Backspace )

3. Check for direct rendering.

Type these commands in a terminal

$ fglrxinfo

The output should look something like this.

display: :0.0 screen: 0
OpenGL vendor string: ATI Technologies Inc.
OpenGL renderer string: Radeon X1300/X1550 Series
OpenGL version string: 2.0.6458 (8.36.5)

And this command.

$ glxinfo

The output should look something like this

name of display: :0.0
display: :0 screen: 0
direct rendering: Yes
server glx vendor string: SGI
server glx version string: 1.2
server glx extensions:
GLX_ARB_multisample, GLX_EXT_visual_info, GLX_EXT_visual_rating,
GLX_EXT_import_context, GLX_EXT_texture_from_pixmap, GLX_OML_swap_method,
GLX_SGI_make_current_read, GLX_SGIS_multisample, GLX_SGIX_hyperpipe,
GLX_SGIX_swap_barrier, GLX_SGIX_fbconfig, GLX_MESA_copy_sub_buffer
client glx vendor string: ATI
client glx version string: 1.3
client glx extensions:
GLX_EXT_visual_info, GLX_EXT_visual_rating, GLX_EXT_import_context,
GLX_ARB_get_proc_address, GLX_SGI_video_sync, GLX_ARB_multisample,
GLX_ATI_pixel_format_float, GLX_ATI_render_texture
GLX version: 1.2
GLX extensions:
GLX_EXT_visual_info, GLX_EXT_visual_rating, GLX_EXT_import_context,
OpenGL vendor string: ATI Technologies Inc.
OpenGL renderer string: Radeon X1300/X1550 Series
OpenGL version string: 2.0.6458 (8.36.5)

If you can’t get direct rendering try adding this line to the “Device” section of xorg.conf

Option “UseInternalAGPGART” “no”

5. Installing Microsoft fonts

** Note: Fedora 8 uses deja-vu and liberation fonts. Give them a try!

If you are using KDE you can copy the fonts from a Windows installation and then open Control Center -> System Administration -> Font Installer and drag ‘n’ drop them in there. You must restart your open appilications in order to see the new fonts.

Alternatively you can type:

$ wget http://www.my-guides.net/downloads/msttcorefonts-2.0-1.noarch.rpm
$ sudo yum install chkfontpath
$ sudo rpm -hiv msttcorefonts-2.0-1.noarch.rpm
$ sudo /etc/init.d/xfs reload

6. Configuring Firefox

KDE Default browser
Konqueror is the default browser in KDE which means that if you click on a link in another application such as an irc or msn client the web page will open in Konqueror.To make Firefox your default web browser open Control Center -> KDE Components -> Component Chooser. Click on Web Browser and then choose “in the following browser” and write “mozilla-firefox” (without the “”). Click apply

Then go to KDE Components -> File Assosiations and then text -> html. Choose ‘Firefox Web Browser’ from the ‘Application Preference Order’ and click on Move Up, until it comes first. Hit apply and you are set.

Acrobat Plugin
To be able to view pdf documents through Firefox you must have adobe acrobat reader installed as described here . Restart firefox and type about:plugins in the address bar. If the plugin has been successfully installed you should see ‘Adobe Reader’ among plugins.

Flash Plugin
If you visit a page which needs flash to be displayed correctly click on the the missing plugin icon and Firefox will automatically install it for you. Restart firefox and type about:plugins in the address bar. If the plugin has been successfully installed you should see ‘Shockwave Flash’ among plugins.

Adobe Flash Plugin

Alternativelly you can install the Adobe Fedora Repository and install/update Flash plugin easilly. Open a console and type:

$ sudo rpm -Uvh http://linuxdownload.adobe.com/adobe-release/adobe-release-i386-1.0-1.noarch.rpm

Now you can install flash plugin by typing:

$ sudo yum install flash-plugin

and update it like that:

$ sudo yum update flash-plugin

By default this repository will be enabled. I prefer to disable it and enable it manually each time I want to look if there is an update for Flash Plugin. To odo so type:

$ sudo yum update flash-plugin

and change enabled=1 to enabled=0. Now whenever you want to look for an update you can type:

$ sudo yum –enablerepo=adobe-linux-i386 install flash-plugin

or update by typing:

$ sudo yum –enablerepo=adobe-linux-i386 update flash-plugin

Open Source Gnash Plugin

Fedora 8 comes with an open source flash plugin. To install it type:

$ sudo yum install gnash gnash-plugin

Gnash for some reason installs its plugin into /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins when it needs to be in /usr/lib/firefox- to fix this type:

$ sudo ln -s /usr/lib/mozilla/plugins/libgnashplugin.so /usr/lib/firefox-

Be careful to replace the correct Firefox version in the above command.**Note: Thanks to nomb for that info!

Mplayer Plugin
The mplayer plugin allows you to view video files through Firefox. To install it type:

$ sudo yum install mplayerplug-in

Restart firefox and check if the plugins have successfully installed by typing about:plugins in the address bar. You should find listed there ‘mplayerplug-in’, ‘Windows Media Player Plugin’, ‘RealPlayer 9′, ‘QuickTime Plug-in’ and ‘DivX Browser Plug-In’.

java Plugin
For detailed information on how to install Java plugin for Firefox as well as Sun’s Java Development Kit Installation look at my guide’s Chapter 20 JAVA Installation .
mms streaming play
In the address bar type:


Right click somewhere and select NEW and then STRING. Type this in the box:


Click ok and in the box type the program you want to open the streaming media with, such as /usr/bin/mplayer.

Next right click again and select NEW and then BOOLEAN. Type this in the box:


Click ok and then type:


Set backspace button
By default in Fedora’s Firefox when you press the backspace button it scrolls the page up. If you want backspace to take you to the previous page type in the address bar:


and in Filter box type:


Right click on it, select Modify and change its value from 1 to 0. Restart Firefox and the backspace will be set.

7. MP3 and Audio players

Gnome users should have them already installed. If you don’t have it, to install it type:

$ sudo yum install gstreamer rhythmbox

To add mp3 and other audio support type:

$ sudo yum install gstreamer-plugins-good gstreamer-plugins-bad gstreamer-plugins-ugly

amarok is a pretty good audio/mp3 player for KDE. Of course you can install it under Gnome or any other Desktop Environment too. To install it type:

$ sudo yum install amarok

Adding mp3 support:

$ sudo yum install amarok-extras-nonfree

Audacious is another audio player similar to old winamp 2.x. To install it type:

$ sudo yum install audacious audacious-plugins-nonfree-*

If you want to use your winamp 2.x skin with audacious simply copy winamp’s *.wsz skin to /usr/share/audacious/Skins/

If your tags are in a different encoding than utf8 you can force audacious to use it:

Preferences -> Playlist -> Metadata -> Fallback character encoding -> iso8859-7

If you want to add in queue mp3s when double clicked edit this file:

$ sudo nano /usr/share/applications/fedora-audacious.desktop

And change Exec=audacious to Exec=audacious -e

This audio player is no longer used, you could try audacious instead, but if you still want it type:

$ sudo yum install xmms xmms-libs xmms-mp3

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